Rottweiler is a highly aggressive breed with a powerful built and a formidable guard dog reputation. It is not your ordinary dog. They possess immense strength, endurance and a vicious bite to even kill a Tiger. It is very difficult to let them open their jaws once they bite onto something.

Rottweiler was used by the Roman army in times of war for guarding purposes at night. They are named after a German town called Rottweil. Rottweiler’s were traditionally bred to drive cattle to market and pull carts. Due to their immense strength, butchers used Rottweilers to drive cattle to market or slaughterhouses. Rottweiler breed kind of vanished after the advent of mechanised transport but were later reinvigorated by dog breeders for domestication purposes. A lot of natural aggression shown by erstwhile Rottweliers has gradually been tempered down through careful breeding.

They are now used a lot police work.

Appearance

Rotts possess a large head, broad chest with a heavily muscled body. They have distinctive black and tan markings all over their body. They are quite large and hefty and can weigh upto 60 kg with a height of 60-70 cm. A Rottweiler has what is called a double coat.

Temperament

Rottweilers are a powerful breed with well-developed guarding instincts. They can be quite difficult to train and can be very aggressive. Many fatal incidents have happened because of abuse, irresponsible ownership, lack of proper socialisation, improper breeding and defective training of Rottweliers. Many cities all over the world have special laws for Rottweilers or they have simply banned the breed for domestic ownership judged as too unsafe.

If trained well, Rottweiler can be a good general purpose dog but are more suitable as a guard dog. Rottweiler possesses a natural instinct to protect their families and territory. They are used a lot in the police to attack fleeing criminals. They are quite suspicious of strangers unless properly introduced. Special attention should be given to training Rottweiler in a family with children as aggression is a part of their nature. Some badly trained or adopted Rottweiler has even killed family children. Early socialization and training is important to train Rottweiler to distinguish between a harmless stranger and a suspicious one. If not trained correctly, Rottweiler will try to assume a dominant and leadership role due to which it can become difficult to control him.

Professional training is advised for Rottweiler in a way that it should consider its owner as its master and follow its commands. There have been numerous fatal incidents of Rotties attacking their owners or caretakers and hence one needs to keep a constant watchful eye on them with special focus on any changing behaviour.

Health

Like most large dogs, Rottweiler suffers from hip dysplasia- a genetic deformity in which the head of the femur does not fit properly into the hip socket. A disease affecting shoulder joints called Osteochondritis dissecans is another common condition. A hereditary condition called osteosarcoma can be avoided by careful and disease free breeding. Rottweiler is also quite vulnerable to parvovirus, a contagious and fatal disease.

Lifespan

A Rottweiler has a lifespan of 8 to 10 years.

Pros:

  1. Rottweiler is the ultimate guard dog. They can quickly tear apart and kill any intruder in your home. They have such a scary reputation that many Rottweilers have been shot down by policemen simply because they chased them.
  2. Rottweilers are versatile dogs and can do quite a few tasks. They excel as a police dog, herding dog, service dog or in dog sports. Rottweiler is an intelligent breed and relatively easy to train.
  3. Rottweilers don’t shed heavily apart from spring or fall. Regular brushing is required during the shedding period.
  4. Rottweilers are great for herding tough sheep which simply ignore other herding dogs like Border Collie. They use an intimidating charge and forceful barks to scare the animals into herding.
  5. A Rottweiler is not a typical barker. One should pay attention to any barking done by him to find out the trigger.

Cons:

  1. Rottweiler requires extensive socialisation and training. Professional training is must for families with children. They have a strong prey drive to hunt down running objects and adequate supervision around kids is required.
  2. Rottweilers cannot be kept in apartments as they are a large dog breed and need a lot of space for exercise. However, you would need to keep them in a fence or a boundary as they can easily attack a stranger or any other dog that approaches him.
  3. Rottweilers are exceptionally strong and it is a risk factor that every dog owners should carefully consider. Tend to be aggressive towards others due to watchdog and territorial instincts. They would need constant supervision like while taking for a walk where they cannot be unleashed. Rottweiler has powerful jaws and can quickly chew down your home in case they become bored or are left alone a lot.
  4. Rottweilers tend to snore a lot.
  5. Rottweilers are greedy eaters and can quickly become overweight. They need to be suitably exercise for at least 20 minutes daily. Read how much to feed your dog here.