Imagine paying Rs. 50,000 for a 2 month old Golden Retriever puppy. With an average litter size of 8, a pet breeder can rake revenue of Rs. 4 lakhs!! Feeling incensed that pet breeders are making an insane amount of profits? Let us delve a little deeper to understand how much profit a breeder might actually be making.
Related Article: How to buy a purebred puppy?
Before we start, it may be worthwhile to understand the difference between a purebred and mixed breed puppy. Purebred puppies can be of different qualities and the show type ones are typically the most expensive. Following are some of the substantial costs that a breeder incurs in delivering a healthy puppy to you:
Cost of mating with a stud dog.
Stud dogs are show quality dogs which are the best of the best. Sometimes finding the best of the best means travelling with the mating bitch to another state or city to ensure perfect offspring. Stud dogs are regularly tested for common dog diseases which can be transmitted through genes. As a result such mating with stud dogs is priced very high by the stud dog owner.
Costs of whelping.
Substantial costs are incurred in supporting the mother till the time she gives birth to puppies. Mother needs to be well fed, checked frequently by the Vets. Sometimes the birth giving process may have to be caesarean again inflating the costs.
Paying for loads of annual health tests to rule out any congenital health diseases in the breeding mother. In case of any major issues, the specific genetically challenged dog would no longer be used for further breeding purposes leading to loss of investment. Such meticulous breeding is only practiced by the most reputed breeders. Dog buyers typically don’t understand the intricacies required in breeding like how to identify and rule out congenital diseases. Hence a lot of shabby breeders regularly dupe the dog buyers by selling disease prone puppies.
Pet food costs.
Feeding the mother and the litter till the time the puppies get sold. Pet food is expensive and can be a substantially increase the costs.
Survival of the fittest.
There is a lot of uncertainty on how many from a litter can survive. If one or two are weak and do not survive or get diseased, it is a huge loss for the breeder.
Marketing and selling costs.
Finding dog buyers can be an expensive proposition which can substantially rake up the expenses.
Related Article: How to sell your puppies?
Vaccination and Healthcare.
There can be significant administration, rental and employee expenses that reputed breeders have to incur.
All the above expenses lead to not so amazing profit margins. In fact dog breeding is quite a competitive industry where quite a few players have to close their operations. A lot of them start compromising with the quality of operations to reduce costs and end up losing their credibility in the long run.
Dog buyers should be aware that ‘too good deals’ simply don’t exist. They need to be wary of any unscrupulous pet breeders who might entice you with throwaway prices for purebred puppies.