Pomeranian is a small companion dog known for its compact size and thick, rounded coat. Often referred to as “Poms”, it is a toy-sized dog. This dog breed is proud and lively. They are active indoors and are good for keeping in apartments. This dog breed gets its name from the region of Pomerania i.e. present day Poland and Germany.

Appearance

Pomeranian has a wedge shaped head which is in proportion to its body. Color of nose varies with coat color. Eyes are almond in shape, dark colored and medium sized. Ears are small and erect and are set high on its head. The facial expression of Pomeranian is best described as fox-like. This dog breed has a puffy appearance with double coat. Outer coat is harsh and long while the undercoat is soft and thick. The coat color is usually orange, red, cream, white, brown, black and tan, black, blue, orange sable, wolf sable, brindle and parti-color (white with colored markings).

Temperament

The lively, busy and bold Pomeranian is known to live life to its fullest. This dog breed is playful, confident and eager to learn. It is very loyal and affectionate towards its owners. Pomeranian is always ready to play and has a docile temper. Known for its delightful nature, it does not cling to its owner. It is, however, shy when strangers are around. Some of them may be unfriendly towards other dogs and may bark a lot.

Young kids may end up injuring a Pomeranian accidentally due to small and fragile body of a Pomeranian. As a result, Pomeranian is not recommended for a family if there are very young or highly active kids around. However, it gets along fine with older kids. Make sure to teach your kids how to play, approach and handle the dog.

Given their small size and cute face, lot of Pomeranian owners tend to deal lightly with them and pamper them too much letting the dog believe that it is the pack leader. As a result, many Pomeranians suffer from Small Dog Syndrome i.e. behavior which tends to compensate for any deficits occurring due to small size. This may include jumping at owners, barking at larger dogs and being temperamental. Such behavior can be corrected by first correcting the dog owner’s behavior and subsequently training the dog to believe that the dog owner is the pack leader.

Health

Pomeranian is an active dog breed and needs daily physical exercises such as short walks or energetic games. Overheating in hot weather should be prevented. Being a family oriented dog with a small size, it should not be left outside without supervision.  It sheds regularly and needs to be brushed accordingly. It weighs in the 1-3 kg range and is 7-12 inches high.

Pomeranian may suffer from health problems such as shoulder dislocation, open fontanelle, abnormal eyelid (entropion), progressive retinal atrophy (causing vision loss), hypoglycaemia and kneecap dislocation. In certain cases, tracheal collapse and heart defect (patent ductus arteriosis) may afflict a Pomeranian.

Lifespan

The average lifespan of the Pomeranian dog breed is 12-16 years.

 Pros:

  1. Due to its small size and docile temper, Pomeranian is well suited for an apartment.
  2. It is a lively, playful and affectionate dog making it a great friendly companion.
  3. The exercise needs of the Pomeranian dog breed can be met by indoor activities. Please note that you should still take them out for a walk at least a few times every week.
  4. Light weight of a Pomeranian makes it easy to carry around.
  5. It is cheaper to feed and medicate as compared to several large breeds.

 Cons:

  1. Pomeranian is a heavy shedder. This dog breed is not meant for you if you get upset at the sight of dog hair spread everywhere around your home. They require frequent grooming and will drain your money if you get it done professionally or eat away your time if you choose to do it yourself.
  2. It is not great around young kids. Often, it does not get along well with kids. Having a small and fragile body, there is a real chance that a young kid may injure a Pomeranian accidentally.
  3. With a small bladder, it takes a long time for getting housetrained.
  4. Left untrained, it tends to bark a lot.