Pet Vaccination

As is the case with humans, vaccination can help your dog or cat in avoiding an illness. It is one of the easiest ways of fighting against diseases that may try to knock down your pet. There are several types of vaccines for tackling different diseases. You should visit your vet to determine the best vaccination regime for your pet. Bear in mind that not every pet needs all vaccines. Depending on the medical history, age and lifestyle, a specific vaccination plan for each pet should be developed. Vets usually recommend administering at least the core vaccines to a healthy pet.

How vaccines work?

Vaccines work by making the body’s immune system ready for attacking the disease-causing organisms when, and if, they enter the body. Vaccines work by stimulating the immune system of the body through antigens. Antigens appear as disease-causing organisms to the immune system, and triggers the immune system to build an appropriate defense against the organisms. If the real disease-causing organisms ever enter the body, immune system is ready with the defense plan leading to killing of organisms or reducing their severity.

Core Vaccines

Core vaccines are those which have been determined to be important for all pets. Following are the core vaccines for dogs and cats.

  1. For Cats

Vaccines for feline calicivirus, panleukopenia or feline distemper, feline herpesvirus type I and rabies have been determined to be core vaccines for cats. The non-core vaccines are those for Bordetella, feline immunodeficiency virus. feline leukemia virus, and Chlamydophila felis.

  1. For Dogs

Vaccines for distemper, canine parvovirus, rabies and canine hepatitis have been determined to be core vaccines for dogs. The non-core vaccines are those for Leptospira bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi and Bordetella bronchiseptica.

Frequency and Timing of vaccination

  1. Kitten

A kitten receives most of the required antibodies from her mother through mother’s milk, if her mother is healthy. In addition, starting around 6-8 weeks of age, a kitten should be administered required vaccines. Usually, a series of vaccines are administered at 3-4 weeks interval with the last dose given at 16 weeks of age.

  1. Adult Cat

Some vaccines are required to be administered annually while others are administered once every 3 years.

  1. Puppies

A puppy receives most of the required antibodies from her mother through mother’s milk, if her mother is healthy. In addition, starting around 6-8 weeks of age, a puppy should be administered required vaccines. Usually, 3 vaccines are administered at 3-4 weeks interval with the last dose given at 16 weeks of age.

  1. Adult Dog

Some vaccines are required to be administered annually while others are administered once every 3 years or more.

Please contact your vet for determining the exact schedule and timing of vaccinations.

Vaccination and risks

Vaccines have saved numerous lives and are safe for your pet. In some cases, there may be side effects which are usually short-lived. The most common side effects include fever, allergic reaction, soreness at injection site, sluggishness, vomiting, appetite loss, diarrhea, difficulty in breathing, lameness and even seizures in some cases. Always discuss your pet’s medical history with the vet to avoid any unforeseen circumstances. Make sure to spend some time with your pet after vaccination so that you can take her to the vet in the case of a severe side-effect.

 

Comments

comments

1 thought on “Pet Vaccination”

  1. My wife and I recently adopted a dog that we both care about so much and has become a large part of our lives, we’ve been worried about her lack of paperwork and we don’t think she’s had all of her vaccinations done yet. I liked that you had mentioned that it can be important to make sure you get the shots done pretty often until the dog is 16 weeks old and there are core ones that are needed. We’ll have to look more into her paperwork and then start looking for someone who can get her caught up on her vaccinations.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *