What is a purebred dog?
A purebred dog is a registered dog that has papers to prove that the dog’s mother and father are of the same breed. Pedigree is the lineage of a dog to early ancestors. The genes of a dog determine factors like its intelligence, training ability, aggression, size, colour, shape etc. These genes are inherited by dogs from its parents and thus the lineage becomes so important in case someone desires a dog of a particular lineage. Purebred dogs are developed through selective breeding techniques to control the traits of a particular dog.
What is a mixed breed dog?
A mixed breed dog’s lineage is unknown and it is the result of two different dog breeds. The parents of a mixed breed dog may themselves be mixed breed. When two different breeds mate, the resultant offspring has a diverse genetic makeup and thus it becomes difficult to anticipate the genetic traits of such a dog. It is difficult to understand what kind of temperament or characteristics a mixed bred puppy will have once it grows to be an adult. Mixed breed typically have the personality type of the dominant parent. Mixed breed dogs are also referred to as mutts.
Whether purebred dog or mixed breed dog is better?
A recent study by a team of Hungarian researchers tried to find out the key differences between purebred dogs and mixed breed dogs. The study was extensive with a sample size of more than 7000 purebred dogs and a similar number of mixed breed dogs. Findings of the study are as following:
- Purebred dogs are significantly calmer than mixed breed dogs. Calmness in a dog means emotional stability without any nervousness or anxiety.
- Mixed breed dogs are less sociable with other dogs and would not mingle with them as easily as purebred dogs.
- Mixed breed dogs frequently demonstrated behavioural problems like jumping on other people, higher aggression etc.
- There were little differences in the trainability of mixed breed vs. purebred dogs.
It is widely believed that good genetic diversity of a mixed breed dog leads to a healthier offspring as the chances of genetic defects are be lower. A purebred can have more health defects due to the phenomenon of inbreeding or breeding amongst two closely related male and female (e.g. dog cousins). Thus a lot of care is required to ensure that the mating parents are as unrelated as possible. This is a specialised task that good Kennel Clubs have to ensure in order to produce healthy dogs. They have to be careful enough to ensure that they do not breed any excitable dog or one with behavioural or genetic problems.
What kind of dog you should buy?
Owner’s preferences and Dog Personality
Your decision to buy a dog is centred on your needs whether you want a companionship dog, a protection dog or simply a working dog. Depending upon your personality and needs, you may prefer certain traits in a dog. Most of us like dogs that are easily trainable.
A companionship dog should be less aggressive and should be a family dog. Dogs that shed a lot of hairs can cause allergic problems to small children. Old parents may find it difficult to manage a big, high energy dog.
Similarly a protection dog needs to be intelligent with a powerful sense of hearing/smelling and should be of formidable size. For e.g. German Shepherd.
You should buy a purebred dog in case you have any such pre-decided preferences. The biggest advantage being that the puppy will grow up to be what you really want. But for someone who is flexible enough and is just looking for some companionship, a mixed breed dog can also be great.
Lifetime cost considerations
Budget for buying a pet is also a consideration for a lot of people. Adopted pets are more suitable for people who don’t want to shell out a lot of money in buying a purebred dog. But one should always bear in mind that the cost of ownership of a healthy dog is quite high now. Treatment of an unhealthy dog can be quite expensive compared to the initial cost of buying a purebred dog.
There is little scientific guidance available on how to buy a dog which suits your needs and we shall be happy to answer any question that you may have on your needs. Feel free to leave your queries under the comments section below.